The Makin Island Raid (occurred on 17–18 August 1942) was an attack by the United States Marine Corps on Japanese military forces on Makin Island (now known as Butaritari Island) in the Pacific Ocean. The aim was to destroy Japanese installations, take prisoners, gain intelligence on the Gilbert Islands area, and divert Japanese attention and reinforcements from the Allied landings on Guadalcanal and Tulagi.
The raid was among the first American offensive ground combat operations of World War II. The force was drawn from the 2nd Raider Battalion
and comprised a small battalion command group and two of the
Battalion's six rifle companies. Because of space limitations aboard
ship, each company embarked without one of its rifle sections. Battalion
headquarters, A Company and 18 men from B Company—totaling 121
troops—were embarked aboard the submarine Argonaut and the remainder of B Company—totaling 90 men—aboard Nautilus.(Wikipeadi)
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