Herbert Norman Schwarzkopf (/ˈʃwɔrtskɒf/;[1] August 22, 1934 – December 27, 2012) was a United States Army general who, while he served as Commander of U.S. Central Command, was commander of coalition forces in the Persian Gulf War.

Schwarzkopf was born in Trenton, New Jersey, the son of Ruth Alice (née Bowman) and Herbert Norman Schwarzkopf.[2] His father served in the US Army before becoming the Superintendent of the New Jersey State Police, where he worked as a lead investigator on the infamous Lindbergh kidnapping
before returning to an Army career and rising to the rank of Major
General. In January 1952, Schwarzkopf's birth certificate was amended to
make his name "H. Norman Schwarzkopf".[3]
This was done as an act of revenge against the upper class cadets at
West Point because his father hated his own first name "Herbert" and
when he attended West Point the upper class cadets yelled at him for
signing his name "H. Norman Schwarzkopf".[4] His connection with the Persian Gulf region began very early. In 1946, when he was 12, he and the rest of his family joined their father, stationed in Tehran, Iran, where his father went on to be instrumental in Operation Ajax, eventually forming the Shah's secret police SAVAK, as well. He attended the Community High School in Tehran, later the International School of Geneva at La Châtaigneraie, Frankfurt High School in Frankfurt, Germany and attended and graduated from Valley Forge Military Academy. He is also a member of Mensa.[5]

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